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Compétences et régulation des marchés du travail dans les pôles de compétitivité : le cas du pôle Pégase


  • Martine Gadille
  • Philippe Méhaut
  • Bruno Courault


This paper questions the cluster literature from the perspective of vocational training and labor market regulation. Our case study of the aircraft industry ?pôle? in the PACA (Provence, Alpes Côte-d?Azur) region (France) provides original lessons for local economic development. It shows how public policies for building industrial clusters can stimulate important changes within local economic structures, as evidenced by the emergence of a dynamic group of independent SMEs that are better able to respond to changing competitive conditions than the more traditional enterprises within the region. The success of these SME is rooted in their ability to develop new industrial capacities through the recruitment and on-the-job training of a highly skilled and professional workforce. The paper underscores the importance of local market institutions and labor market regulations in promoting the development of these skills and capacities throughout the region.

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  • Martine Gadille & Philippe Méhaut & Bruno Courault, 2013. "Compétences et régulation des marchés du travail dans les pôles de compétitivité : le cas du pôle Pégase," Revue d'économie régionale et urbaine, Armand Colin, vol. 0(2), pages 339-361.
  • Handle: RePEc:cai:rerarc:reru_132_0339

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. repec:dau:papers:123456789/12994 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. André TORRE, 2006. "Clusters Et Systèmes Locaux D'Innovation - Retour Critique Sur Les Hypothèses Naturalistes De Transmission Des Connaissances À L'Aide Des Catégories De L'Économie De La Proximité," Region et Developpement, Region et Developpement, LEAD, Universite du Sud - Toulon Var, vol. 24, pages 15-43.
    3. John Tomaney & Andy Pike & Andrés Rodríguez-Pose, 2010. "Local and regional development in times of crisis," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 42(4), pages 771-779, April.
    4. Martine Gadille & Julien Machado, 2010. "La formation dans les PME d'un pôle, rapports au savoir et division du travail," Post-Print halshs-00574297, HAL.
    5. Vincent FRIGANT (GRES-E3i) & Damein TALBOT (Université de Metz), 2002. "Convergence and diversity of the adoption of modular production in aircraft and automobile industries in Europe (In French)," Working Papers 2002-6, Equipe Industries Innovation Institutions, Université Bordeaux IV, France.
    6. Thierry Weil & Stéphanie Fen Chong, 2008. "Les pôles de compétitivité français," Post-Print hal-00842190, HAL.
    7. Alain Rallet & André Torre, 2004. "Proximité et localisation," Économie rurale, Programme National Persée, vol. 280(1), pages 25-41.
    8. Christian Longhi & Rani Jeanne Dang, 2009. "Clusters et stratégies de clusters : le cas du pôle de compétitivité « solutions communicantes sécurisées »," Revue d'économie industrielle, De Boeck Université, vol. 0(4), pages 121-152.
    9. Ron Martin & Peter Sunley, 2003. "Deconstructing clusters: chaotic concept or policy panacea?," Journal of Economic Geography, Oxford University Press, vol. 3(1), pages 5-35, January.
    10. V. Acha & S. Brusoni, 2008. "The Changing Governance Of Knowledge In Avionics," Economics of Innovation and New Technology, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 17(1-2), pages 43-57.
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    12. Claude Picart, 2004. "Le tissu productif : renouvellement à la base et stabilité au sommet," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 371(1), pages 89-108.
    13. Ron Martin & Peter Sunley, 2006. "Path dependence and regional economic evolution," Journal of Economic Geography, Oxford University Press, vol. 6(4), pages 395-437, August.
    14. Martine Gadille & Julien Machado, 2012. "Multilevel effects of a method of expert's knowledge transfer," Post-Print halshs-00654985, HAL.
    15. Ron Boschma, 2005. "Proximity and Innovation: A Critical Assessment," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 39(1), pages 61-74.
    16. Damian Grimshaw & Jill Rubery, 2005. "Inter-capital relations and the network organisation: redefining the work and employment nexus," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 29(6), pages 1027-1051, November.
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