Intégration Est-Ouest dans l'Union Européenne : un état des lieux
The strong reorientation of trade from East to West, together with a rapid growth of trade between the EU and the Central and Eastern European countries (CEECs), led to a strong integration between Eastern and Western Europe. It then seems relevant to ask whether this integration process is completed. This paper uses a gravity model to assess the “theoretical” trade, or “potential trade”, between the EU-15 and the CEECs. The gravity equation is estimated on a panel data of EU-15 countries over the period 1990-2005, using the HAUSMAN-TAYLOR (1981) instrumental variable method. Our principal results show that the CEECS managed to fill the main part of the gap in their trade with EU ; on the West side, Germany is the most integrated country with CEECS ; and on the East side, central eastern countries have filled the gap more than others.
Volume (Year): décembre (2011)
Issue (Month): 5 ()
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