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Évolution récente de l'emploi industriel dans les territoires ruraux et urbains : une analyse structurelle-géographique sur données françaises

Author

Listed:
  • Carl Gaigné
  • Virginie Piguet
  • Bertrand Schmitt

Abstract

From a shift and share analysis on French data, we examine whether the differential of changes in manufacturing employment between urban and rural areas can be due to differences in their sectoral composition rather than to space-specific factors affecting all sectors indifferently. The increase in the share of manufacturing employment in rural areas is shown to be ascribable to advantages specific to low-density territories. These ??rural?? advantages are not negligible while that such areas attract firms belonging rather to declining sectors. Conversely, urban centers, and especially the largest ones, combine a positive composition effect (i.e. preferential urban location of the most dynamic sectors) with a negative geographical effect (i.e. a tendency for urban industrial employment to fall). The urban fringes provide attracting characteristics for location of any industrial sector without the existing sectoral structure playing a significant role either positively or negatively. Classification JEL?: R11, R12, O4.

Suggested Citation

  • Carl Gaigné & Virginie Piguet & Bertrand Schmitt, 2005. "Évolution récente de l'emploi industriel dans les territoires ruraux et urbains : une analyse structurelle-géographique sur données françaises," Revue d'économie régionale et urbaine, Armand Colin, vol. 0(1), pages 3-30.
  • Handle: RePEc:cai:rerarc:reru_051_0003
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Michel Blanc & Bertrand Schmitt & Éric Ambiaud, 2007. "Orientation économique et croissance locale de l'emploi dans les bassins de vie des bourgs et petites villes," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 402(1), pages 57-74.
    2. Nadine LEVRATTO & Denis CARRÉ, 2013. "La Croissance Des Établissements Industriels : Une Question De Localisation," Region et Developpement, Region et Developpement, LEAD, Universite du Sud - Toulon Var, vol. 38, pages 93-120.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    local manufacturing employment growth; shift and share analysis; urbanrural areas;

    JEL classification:

    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes
    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)
    • O4 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity

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