IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

La dynamique des disparités régionales dans l'Union Européenne, 1980-1995


  • Julie Le Gallo


The aim of this paper is to study the dynamics of regional disparities in the European Union over the period from 1980-1995, based on a sample of 138 regions. First, the evolution of the form of the per capita GDP distribution is characterized by a test of ?-convergence and by means of non-parametric estimations of density functions. Second, the growth process is modeled as a first-order stationary Markov chain. Third, the influence of the geographical environment is analysed by estimating a spatial Markov chain. The results of the analysis indicate the persistence of regional disparities, a progressive bias towards a poverty trap, and the importance of geography in the convergence process. Classification JEL : C14, O52, R11, R15.

Suggested Citation

  • Julie Le Gallo, 2004. "La dynamique des disparités régionales dans l'Union Européenne, 1980-1995," Revue d'économie régionale et urbaine, Armand Colin, vol. 0(4), pages 491-512.
  • Handle: RePEc:cai:rerarc:reru_044_0491

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: free

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: free

    More about this item


    convergence; regional disparities; spatial autocorrelation; markov chains;

    JEL classification:

    • C14 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Semiparametric and Nonparametric Methods: General
    • O52 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Europe
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes
    • R15 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Econometric and Input-Output Models; Other Methods


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:cai:rerarc:reru_044_0491. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Jean-Baptiste de Vathaire). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.