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La dynamique des disparités régionales dans l'Union Européenne, 1980-1995

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  • Julie Le Gallo

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to study the dynamics of regional disparities in the European Union over the period from 1980-1995, based on a sample of 138 regions. First, the evolution of the form of the per capita GDP distribution is characterized by a test of ?-convergence and by means of non-parametric estimations of density functions. Second, the growth process is modeled as a first-order stationary Markov chain. Third, the influence of the geographical environment is analysed by estimating a spatial Markov chain. The results of the analysis indicate the persistence of regional disparities, a progressive bias towards a poverty trap, and the importance of geography in the convergence process. Classification JEL : C14, O52, R11, R15.

Suggested Citation

  • Julie Le Gallo, 2004. "La dynamique des disparités régionales dans l'Union Européenne, 1980-1995," Revue d'économie régionale et urbaine, Armand Colin, vol. 0(4), pages 491-512.
  • Handle: RePEc:cai:rerarc:reru_044_0491
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    convergence; regional disparities; spatial autocorrelation; markov chains;

    JEL classification:

    • C14 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Semiparametric and Nonparametric Methods: General
    • O52 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Europe
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes
    • R15 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Econometric and Input-Output Models; Other Methods

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