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La concentration spatiale de l'urbanisation : un problème de développement ? L'émergence de Montréal au 19ème siècle

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  • Benoît Mario Papillon

Abstract

Urbanization is frequently interpreted as an outcome of agglomeration economies and, following this logic, a high concentration around a single site of urbanization could reveal agglomeration economies which are particularly effective. In a very different literature, whose origin can be traced back to contributions which are now classical as HOSELITZ (1953), the same concentration of urbanization around a single site is indicative of development problems. Regional development, along with its well-intended activism, relies to some extent on this second interpretation. The paper presents a case study : the urbanization of Québec Province in the 19th century, mostly concentrated around the site of Montréal, whose interpretation has been largely based on a paradigm of urbanization with a continuum set of cities of various sizes. After a summary description of Montréal?s growth and of urbanization in surrounding regions, there is a synthesis of the literature assessing the scope of this paradigm. The third part revisits the interpretation of Montreal?s growth in the 19th century in light of new data on economic activity in the periphery and by taking into account the transportation technology available in the periphery. Given the analogy from a cost structure perspective between this technology and modern transportation over land, the last section concludes on the need of a richer interpretation of concentrated urbanization frequently observed in developing countries. Classification JEL : R12, N10, O18, R58.

Suggested Citation

  • Benoît Mario Papillon, 2004. "La concentration spatiale de l'urbanisation : un problème de développement ? L'émergence de Montréal au 19ème siècle," Revue d'économie régionale et urbaine, Armand Colin, vol. 0(2), pages 223-238.
  • Handle: RePEc:cai:rerarc:reru_042_0223
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Konstantin Arkadievich Kholodilin & Boriss Siliverstovs & Stefan Kooths, 2008. "A Dynamic Panel Data Approach to the Forecasting of the GDP of German Länder," Spatial Economic Analysis, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 3(2), pages 195-207.
    2. Pan, Zheng & LeSage, James P., 1995. "Using spatial contiguity as prior information in vector autoregressive models," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 47(2), pages 137-142, February.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    urbanization; history and economic development; agglomeration economies and transportation costs; regional development policies;

    JEL classification:

    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)
    • N10 - Economic History - - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics; Industrial Structure; Growth; Fluctuations - - - General, International, or Comparative
    • O18 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Urban, Rural, Regional, and Transportation Analysis; Housing; Infrastructure
    • R58 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Regional Government Analysis - - - Regional Development Planning and Policy

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