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De la discrimination statistique à la discrimination positive. Remarques sur l'inférence probabiliste

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  • Maxime Parodi

Abstract

Statistical discrimination is the rejection of an individual because of some defects ? observed or believed ? on the aggregate characteristics of his group. Unlike negative discrimination, the rejection does not rely on prejudice or racial or gender bias, but on a probabilistic inference about some decisive characteristic. It is a rational motive, but this rational does not say the entire story: to reject supposes not only to evaluate probabilities, but also to choose some risks and this cannot be done without practical considerations. The rationality of discrimination lies then on a context-dependant reasoning which could not be underestimated. It appears then that the lack of individual information could also justify a reasonable bet like positive discrimination or affirmative action. JEL classification code: J7.

Suggested Citation

  • Maxime Parodi, 2010. "De la discrimination statistique à la discrimination positive. Remarques sur l'inférence probabiliste," Revue de l'OFCE, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 0(1), pages 63-85.
  • Handle: RePEc:cai:reofsp:reof_112_0063
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    statistical discrimination; affirmative action; rationality;

    JEL classification:

    • J7 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination

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