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De la discrimination statistique à la discrimination positive. Remarques sur l'inférence probabiliste

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  • Maxime Parodi
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    Statistical discrimination is the rejection of an individual because of some defects ? observed or believed ? on the aggregate characteristics of his group. Unlike negative discrimination, the rejection does not rely on prejudice or racial or gender bias, but on a probabilistic inference about some decisive characteristic. It is a rational motive, but this rational does not say the entire story: to reject supposes not only to evaluate probabilities, but also to choose some risks and this cannot be done without practical considerations. The rationality of discrimination lies then on a context-dependant reasoning which could not be underestimated. It appears then that the lack of individual information could also justify a reasonable bet like positive discrimination or affirmative action. JEL classification code: J7.

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    Article provided by Presses de Sciences-Po in its journal Revue de l'OFCE.

    Volume (Year): n° 112 (2010)
    Issue (Month): 1 ()
    Pages: 63-85

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    Handle: RePEc:cai:reofsp:reof_112_0063
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