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De la discrimination statistique à la discrimination positive. Remarques sur l'inférence probabiliste


  • Maxime Parodi


Statistical discrimination is the rejection of an individual because of some defects ? observed or believed ? on the aggregate characteristics of his group. Unlike negative discrimination, the rejection does not rely on prejudice or racial or gender bias, but on a probabilistic inference about some decisive characteristic. It is a rational motive, but this rational does not say the entire story: to reject supposes not only to evaluate probabilities, but also to choose some risks and this cannot be done without practical considerations. The rationality of discrimination lies then on a context-dependant reasoning which could not be underestimated. It appears then that the lack of individual information could also justify a reasonable bet like positive discrimination or affirmative action. JEL classification code: J7.

Suggested Citation

  • Maxime Parodi, 2010. "De la discrimination statistique à la discrimination positive. Remarques sur l'inférence probabiliste," Revue de l'OFCE, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 0(1), pages 63-85.
  • Handle: RePEc:cai:reofsp:reof_112_0063

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Valérie Chauvin & Gaël Dupont & Éric Heyer & Mathieu Plane & Xavier Timbeau, 2002. "Le modèle France de l'OFCE. La nouvelle version :," Revue de l'OFCE, Presses de Sciences-Po, pages 245-300.
    2. Christophe Blot & Xavier Timbeau, 2009. "Du chaos financier au K.O. économique," Revue de l'OFCE, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 0(3), pages 149-178.
    3. Hervé Le Bihan, 2004. "Tests de rupture : une application au PIB tendanciel français," Economie & Prévision, La Documentation Française, pages 133-154.
    4. Valérie Chauvin & Gaël Dupont & Éric Heyer & Xavier Timbeau, 2001. "Le retour au plein emploi ?," Revue de l'OFCE, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 79(4), pages 195-233.
    5. Éric Heyer & Xavier Timbeau, 2002. "Le chômage structurel à 5 % en France ?," Revue de l'OFCE, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 80(1), pages 115-151.
    6. repec:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/1625 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Sabine Le Bayon & Catherine Mathieu & Paola Monperrus-Veroni & Mathieu Plane & Christine Rifflart & Danielle Schweisguth, 2010. "Europe, États-Unis, Japon : quelles politiques budgétaires de sortie de crise ?," Revue de l'OFCE, Presses de Sciences-Po, pages 35-61.
    8. Méjean, Isabelle & Schwellnus, Cyrille, 2009. "Price convergence in the European Union: Within firms or composition of firms?," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 78(1), pages 1-10, June.
    9. Heyer, Eric & Reynes, Frederic & Sterdyniak, Henri, 2007. "Structural and reduced approaches of the equilibrium rate of unemployment, a comparison between France and the United States," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 24(1), pages 42-65, January.
    10. Clément Bosquet & Michel Fouquin, 2008. "Productivité du travail : la fin du processus de convergence ?," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 419(1), pages 125-142.
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    More about this item


    statistical discrimination; affirmative action; rationality;

    JEL classification:

    • J7 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination


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