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Variété, emploi et chômage aux Pays-Bas

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Listed:
  • Koen Frenken
  • Thijs Verburg
  • Frank G. van Oort

Abstract

In economic theory, one can distinguish between variety as a source of regional knowledge spillovers, called Jacobs externalities, and variety as a portfolio protecting a region from external shocks. We argue that Jacobs externalities are best measured by related variety (within sectors), while the portfolio argument is better captured by unrelated variety (between sectors). We introduce a methodology based on entropy measures to compute related variety and unrelated variety. Using regional data for the period 1996-2002 for The Netherlands, we find that Jacobs externalities enhance employment growth, while unrelated variety dampens unemployment growth. Implications for regional policy follow. JEL classification: J60, R23, R58.

Suggested Citation

  • Koen Frenken & Thijs Verburg & Frank G. van Oort, 2008. "Variété, emploi et chômage aux Pays-Bas," Revue de l'OFCE, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 0(1), pages 203-218.
  • Handle: RePEc:cai:reofsp:reof_104_0203
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Brakman, Steven & Garretsen, Harry & Schramm, Marc, 2006. "Putting new economic geography to the test: Free-ness of trade and agglomeration in the EU regions," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, pages 613-635.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    production variety; labour market;

    JEL classification:

    • J60 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - General
    • R23 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population
    • R58 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Regional Government Analysis - - - Regional Development Planning and Policy

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