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Investissement, contraintes financières et fluctuations macroéconomiques


  • Miguel Casares
  • Jean-Christophe Poutineau


This paper analyses the consequences of the existence of financial frictions and of a banking system on business cycles, in a new Keynesian macroeconomics model. We contrast our conclusions with those obtained in two other existing frameworks (namely the canonical nns model of Woodford, [2003] and the « loan in advance » model of Goodfriend and McCallum [2007]). Impulse response functions from technology shocks show some attenuation effect due to the procyclical behavior of the marginal finance cost. In contrast an adverse financial shock induces sizeable declines in output, inflation and interest rates. Using the baseline calibrated model, we show how a 10% increase in banking efficiency would result in a permanent welfare gain equivalent to 0.3% of output. Classification JEL : E32, E43, E44

Suggested Citation

  • Miguel Casares & Jean-Christophe Poutineau, 2012. "Investissement, contraintes financières et fluctuations macroéconomiques," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 63(5), pages 935-951.
  • Handle: RePEc:cai:recosp:reco_635_0935

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Willem H. Buiter, 1986. "Death, Population Growth, Productivity Growth and Debt Neutrality," NBER Working Papers 2027, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Andrew B. Abel, 2003. "The Effects of a Baby Boom on Stock Prices and Capital Accumulation in the Presence of Social Security," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 71(2), pages 551-578, March.
    3. Burke, Jonathan L., 1996. "Equilibrium for Overlapping Generations in Continuous Time," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 70(2), pages 364-390, August.
    4. Antoine Bommier & Ronald D. Lee, 2003. "Overlapping generations models with realistic demography," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 16(1), pages 135-160, February.
    5. Boucekkine, Raouf & de la Croix, David & Licandro, Omar, 2002. "Vintage Human Capital, Demographic Trends, and Endogenous Growth," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 104(2), pages 340-375, June.
    6. Blanchard, Olivier J, 1985. "Debt, Deficits, and Finite Horizons," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 93(2), pages 223-247, April.
    7. Weil, Philippe, 1989. "Overlapping families of infinitely-lived agents," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 38(2), pages 183-198, March.
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    JEL classification:

    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • E43 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Interest Rates: Determination, Term Structure, and Effects
    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy


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