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Accès au marché et salaires individuels en Chine. L'influence de la propriété des firmes

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  • Laura Hering
  • Sandra Poncet

Abstract

We consider the effect of geography, and in particular market access, on wages using individual data from 56 Chinese cities in 11 different provinces. By applying New Economic Geography theories to individual-level survey data, we evaluate the extent to which market proximity can explain inter-individual wage heterogeneity and growing wage inequality within Chinese provinces. Based on 1995 data on around 6,000 Chinese workers, and after controlling for individual skills and local factor endowments, we find that a significant fraction of the inter-individual differences in returns to labor can be explained by the geography of market access. We find greater wage sensitivity to market access for workers in private, and particularly foreign-owned, firms. Classification JEL : F12, F15, R11, R12.

Suggested Citation

  • Laura Hering & Sandra Poncet, 2008. "Accès au marché et salaires individuels en Chine. L'influence de la propriété des firmes," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 59(3), pages 653-662.
  • Handle: RePEc:cai:recosp:reco_593_0653
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    JEL classification:

    • F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes
    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)

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