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Une évaluation expérimentale des modes électroniques de résolution des litiges

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  • Yannick Gabuthy
  • Nicolas Jacquemet

Abstract

The development of the Internet and electronic commerce has resulted in the emergence of Online Dispute Resolution. The aim of the paper is to evaluate experimentally the economic performance of an innovative settlement method, called automated negotiation, which inserts the technology as a third party in the conflicts: the parties’ proposals are received and evaluated by an automated algorithm which provides a convergence mechanism in the bargaining process and gives a decision according to a given settlement rule. The results show that the parties are incited to exploit strategically the convergence mechanism in order to increase their payoffs, which limit the ability of the procedure to generate efficiency. However, when the threat that a disagreement occurs is more credible (due to a deeper conflict), this perverse effect is reduced since the parties are incited to adopt a more concessionary behavior. The implications of these results are then used to discuss the potential role of public regulation and reputation mechanisms in virtual world. Classification JEL : C78, C91, D74, K41.

Suggested Citation

  • Yannick Gabuthy & Nicolas Jacquemet, 2007. "Une évaluation expérimentale des modes électroniques de résolution des litiges," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 58(6), pages 1309-1330.
  • Handle: RePEc:cai:recosp:reco_586_1309
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    1. Cosnita-Langlais, Andreea & Tropeano, Jean-Philippe, 2012. "Do remedies affect the efficiency defense? An optimal merger-control analysis," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 30(1), pages 58-66.
    2. Johnson, Ronald N & Parkman, Allen M, 1991. "Premerger Notification and the Incentive to Merge and Litigate," Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization, Oxford University Press, vol. 7(1), pages 145-162, Spring.
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    7. Bruce R. Lyons, 2004. "Reform of European Merger Policy," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 12(2), pages 246-261, May.
    8. Eckbo, B Espen & Wier, Peggy, 1985. "Antimerger Policy under the Hart-Scott-Rodino Act: A Reexamination of the Market Power Hypothesis," Journal of Law and Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 28(1), pages 119-149, April.
    9. Cosnita-Langlais, Andreea & Tropeano, Jean-Philippe, 2012. "Do remedies affect the efficiency defense? An optimal merger-control analysis," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 30(1), pages 58-66.
    10. William E. Kovacic & Petros C. Mavroidis & Damien J. Neven, 2014. "Merger control procedures and institutions: A comparison of the EU and US practice," IHEID Working Papers 01-2014, Economics Section, The Graduate Institute of International Studies.
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    Cited by:

    1. repec:hal:wpaper:halshs-00746617 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Yannick Gabuthy & Nicolas Jacquemet, 2013. "Analyse économique du droit et méthode expérimentale," Economie & Prévision, La Documentation Française, vol. 0(1), pages 121-145.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • C78 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Game Theory and Bargaining Theory - - - Bargaining Theory; Matching Theory
    • C91 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Design of Experiments - - - Laboratory, Individual Behavior
    • D74 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - Conflict; Conflict Resolution; Alliances; Revolutions
    • K41 - Law and Economics - - Legal Procedure, the Legal System, and Illegal Behavior - - - Litigation Process

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