Le temps parental est-il transférable entre conjoints ?. Le cas des couples confrontés au chômage
Parental time is usually the most evenly shared part of domestic time. Does this mean that the time spent by the father or mother is substitutable or complementary? We tested these hypotheses in the context of an economic shock such as unemployment. Using a bivariate tobit model on the French Time Use survey (insee, 1999), we show that, even when the unemployed parent devotes more time to the couple’s children, his or her partner’s parental time does not significantly decrease, except for transportation time. Daily care is also substitutable, but only when the woman is unemployed. It seems that each spouse wishes to preserve his/her parental activities because it reflects his/her long-term power of negotiation. Classification JEL : D13, J13, J16
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