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Micro-entreprises, croissance et mutations de l'emploi dans les pays en transition


  • Gérard Duchene
  • Philippe Rusin


This paper highlights the role of the self-employed in transition economies. It focuses on the process of labour allocation and on development paths. It defines three sectors, two of which – industry and services – show specific innovation patterns. These innovations, which follow a Schumpeterian creative destruction process, generate flows on the labour market. The third sector (subsistence agriculture, informal activities) is seen as a form of unemployment specific to transition. By comparing this theoretical framework with the Polish experience, the authors put forward an original indicator of transition: the ratio of the self-employed’s income in services to the average wage in industry. It evaluates both the maturity of the transformation and the orientation of development path. Classification JEL : J63 O31 O41 P31

Suggested Citation

  • Gérard Duchene & Philippe Rusin, 2002. "Micro-entreprises, croissance et mutations de l'emploi dans les pays en transition," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 53(3), pages 637-646.
  • Handle: RePEc:cai:recosp:reco_533_0637

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    Cited by:

    1. Nesma Ali & Boris Najman, 2016. "Informal Competition, Firms Productivity and Policy Reforms in Egypt," Working Papers 1025, Economic Research Forum, revised Jul 2016.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • P31 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Institutions and Their Transitions - - - Socialist Enterprises and Their Transitions


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