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Coûts de transport et inégalités régionales. Une approche structurelle


  • Pierre-Philippe Combes
  • Miren Lafourcade


This paper presents an economic geography model we use to investigate transport costs as a cause of regional inequalities. We perform a structural estimation of this model for 64 sectors simultaneously using a new dataset on generalized transport costs between the 341 French Employment Areas. Transport costs, intermediate inputs and geography play a critical role in the concentration pattern of economic activities. We provide simulations of local production conditions. Large concentration incentives exist in France, possibly inducing the emergence in the long-run of a monocentric core-periphery structure. Besides, in the short-run, a transport costs decline reduces concentration at the country level, but it increases inequalities in a large number of French regions. Classification JEL : F1, O1, R3, R4

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  • Pierre-Philippe Combes & Miren Lafourcade, 2002. "Coûts de transport et inégalités régionales. Une approche structurelle," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 53(3), pages 505-516.
  • Handle: RePEc:cai:recosp:reco_533_0505

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    JEL classification:

    • F1 - International Economics - - Trade
    • O1 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development
    • R3 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Real Estate Markets, Spatial Production Analysis, and Firm Location
    • R4 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Transportation Economics


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