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Stratégies de politique commerciale pour une sortie de la trappe de sous-développement


  • Arsène Rieber
  • Thi Anh-Dao Tran


Relying on a model of new economic geography, this paper focuses on the relationship between trade policy and the economic conditions of take-off. We confirm notably in a trisectoral analysis that both unilateral trade liberalization and import substitution, while influencing the balance between centrifugal and centripetal forces, may be successful in getting the less developed country out of the poverty trap. In our model, technological externalities resulting from sectoral learning spillovers complete the usual presence in such theoretical framework of pecuniary externalities. By this way, we show that the degree of technological diffusion is a determining parameter for a Southern economy. We show also that sectoral trade policies, in the same way as an active industrial policy, favour structural change in the less developed country. Classification JEL : F12, F13, O14

Suggested Citation

  • Arsène Rieber & Thi Anh-Dao Tran, 2002. "Stratégies de politique commerciale pour une sortie de la trappe de sous-développement," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 53(2), pages 223-243.
  • Handle: RePEc:cai:recosp:reco_532_0223

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Mongin, P & d'Aspremont, C, 1996. "Utility Theory and Ethics," Papers 9632, Paris X - Nanterre, U.F.R. de Sc. Ec. Gest. Maths Infor..
    2. Marc Fleurbaey & François Maniquet, 2006. "Compensation and responsibility," Working Papers halshs-00121367, HAL.
    3. FLEURBAEY, Marc & MANIQUET, François, 1998. "Optimal income taxation: and ordinal approach," CORE Discussion Papers 1998065, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
    4. Fleurbaey, Marc, 1995. "Equal Opportunity or Equal Social Outcome?," Economics and Philosophy, Cambridge University Press, vol. 11(01), pages 25-55, April.
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    JEL classification:

    • F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation
    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
    • O14 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Industrialization; Manufacturing and Service Industries; Choice of Technology


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