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L'empreinte historique de la théorie de l'entrepreneur. Enseignements tirés des analyses de Jean-Baptiste Say et de Joseph Aloïs Schumpeter


  • Sophie Boutillier
  • Dimitri Uzunidis


Jean-Baptiste Say and Joseph Aloïs Schumpeter are two key-economists in the theory of the entrepreneur. Both assigned to the entrepreneur the role of an economic engine, moved by innovation. Moreover, both lived in periods characterized by a flow of economic and political new ideas (Say : the French Revolution, the Empire of Napoléon, the Bourbon Restoration, the first industrial revolution ; Schumpeter : the two World Wars, the Bolshevik Revolution, the 1929 crisis, the second industrial revolution). Their theories, embedded in troubled times ; define an individual who constantly avoids being locked in (economic, social, political and technical) routines. Nevertheless, an important point distinguishes their approaches : Say describes a real entrepreneur, while Schumpeter reduces him to an ideal type. JEL Codes : B12, L26

Suggested Citation

  • Sophie Boutillier & Dimitri Uzunidis, 2014. "L'empreinte historique de la théorie de l'entrepreneur. Enseignements tirés des analyses de Jean-Baptiste Say et de Joseph Aloïs Schumpeter," Innovations, De Boeck Université, vol. 0(3), pages 97-119.
  • Handle: RePEc:cai:inndbu:inno_045_0097

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    Jean-Baptiste Say; Joseph Aloïs Schumpeter; entrepreneur; industrialization;

    JEL classification:

    • B12 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - History of Economic Thought through 1925 - - - Classical (includes Adam Smith)
    • L26 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Entrepreneurship


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