IDEAS home Printed from
MyIDEAS: Log in (now much improved!) to save this article

What Drives HIV/AIDS Epidemic in Sub-Saharan Africa?

Listed author(s):
  • Chrystelle Tsafack Temah
Registered author(s):

    This paper decomposes the impact of the determinants of the evolution of HIV/AIDS pandemic in sub-Saharan Africa from 1997 to 2005. We classify our set of determinants into socioeconomic, epidemiological, sociologic and cultural and we try to assess the importance of each group of determinants in the spread of the epidemic across the continent. Using a panel data of 42 African countries from the 1997-2005 period, we examine the link between the three categories of determinants and HIV/AIDS epidemic. After a logit transformation of HIV prevalence rate among adult population (15-49), we estimate our equation with the random effects model and we include a regional dummy in order to capture sub-regional differences in the spread of the epidemic. Then we estimate the same equation using prevalence rate among young population (15-24). Finally, we estimate the same equation with the generalized method of moments (GMM) to accounts for dynamic effects in our model. Our results are robust and our analysis shows that epidemiological and sociocultural variables have a greater impact than socioeconomic ones. More important, within the group of socioeconomic variables, education and women’s economic independence and income inequality appear very important in determining the spread of the pandemic. JEL Classification: I10, I19, 015.

    If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: free

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: free

    Article provided by De Boeck Université in its journal Revue d'économie du développement.

    Volume (Year): 17 (2009)
    Issue (Month): 5 ()
    Pages: 41-70

    in new window

    Handle: RePEc:cai:edddbu:edd_235_0041
    Contact details of provider: Postal:
    65 Bd. F. Mitterrand, 63000 Clermont-Ferrand

    Phone: (33-4) 73 17 74 00
    Fax: (33-4) 73 17 74 28
    Web page:

    More information through EDIRC

    No references listed on IDEAS
    You can help add them by filling out this form.

    This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

    When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:cai:edddbu:edd_235_0041. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Jean-Baptiste de Vathaire)

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

    If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.