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Analyse des revenus individuels et de la dépendance financière des femmes et des hommes en Belgique

  • Zouhair Alaoui Amine
  • Kim Fredericq Evangelista
  • Danièle Meulders
  • Sile Padraigin O'Dorchai

Cet article présente les résultats d'une analyse des revenus individualisés calculés au départ de la base de données SILC-Belgique 2006 (Statistics on Income and Living Conditions). L'analyse des revenus individuels et de leurs composantes met en évidence de fortes inégalités entre femmes et hommes dans la distribution des revenus. Dans cet article, les revenus individuels sont également utilisés afin de calculer des taux de dépendance financière ou taux de risque de pauvreté mesurés au niveau de l'individu. Ces mesures individuelles de la pauvreté sont comparées aux taux standards de risque de pauvreté basés sur le revenu du ménage tels qu'ils sont définis au niveau européen. Les déterminants individuels observables de la dépendance financière sont étudiés par le biais d'une anlyse statistique descriptive ainsi que par l'estimation de reégressions du type probit bivarié pour les femmes et les hommes séparément. Une série de nouveaux indicateurs synthétiques est proposée afin de promouvoir la prise en compte d'une dimension de genre dans le suivi de la pauvreté et son éradication. / This paper presents the results of an analysis of individualised incomes reporter in the EU Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (2006) for Belgium. The analysis of individual incomes and their components puts forth strong inequalities in the income distribution between women and men. We further use these individual income levels in order to compute financial dependency rates which can be described as at-risk-of-poverty rates measured at the level of the individual. These individual poverty measures are compared with conventioanl household-level at-ris-of-poverty rates as they are defined by the European Union and the individual and observable determinants of financial dependency are studied by means of descriptive statistics but also by the estimation of separate bivariate probit regressions for men and women. A st of new indicators are proposed to enhance a more gendered monitoring and fighting of poverty.

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Article provided by ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles in its journal Brussels economic review.

Volume (Year): 53 (2010)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 9-31

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Handle: RePEc:bxr:bxrceb:2013/80843
Note: Numéro Spécial "Analyse des revenus individuels et de la dépendance financière des femmes et des hommes" Editrices :Danièle Meulders et Sile O'Dorchai
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