The Management Of The Psychological Contract, Is It Possible? The Experience Of Automotive Industry In Romania
Defined as being all the promises which play a role of obligations between the employee and the employer (Rousseau, 1995), the psychological contract (PC) became in the last two decades an essential instrument of employment relation analysis. However, the management of the psychological contract idea is recent and became important under the pressure of the economic crisis which has shaken especially Europe in the last five years. This presentation reveals the 2010 qualitative research results conducted in Romania, in two companies of the automotive industry in Sibiu area. Based on 31 interviews with employees and managers, we analyzed how the change in the Romanian economic and social environment changed the employment relationship in automotive industry. We noticed that, to avoid the employee’s breach feeling, the participating companies implemented a rigorous psychological contract follow-up witch is an expression of a preventive behavior or PC rupture avoidance. This prevention behavior is based on the promise’s level reduction, on the open discussion of PC terms at the recruiting time and on a permanent organizational communication. This is also based on the several PC terms arrangements in order to encounter several types of the employee’s preferences. Our presentation is completed by proposing various lines of reflection in order to use these results in the current management practice.
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