Pace and Critical Gradient for Hill Runners: An Analysis of Race Records
Route choice through mountainous terrain requires a knowledge of how pace (the reciprocal of speed) varies with gradient of ascent or descent. To model this variation for runners, we analyse record times for 91 uphill and 15 downhill races or race stages. The pace is modelled as a nonlinear function of gradient and a linear function of race duration, using ordinary least squares to obtain a best fit. For the gradient-dependence, six functional forms are compared, of which a quartic is found to fit the data best; however, at steep gradients the quartic model is unrealistic and it may be argued that a linear model is more appropriate. Critical gradients, at which a runner's vertical speed (uphill or downhill) is maximised, may be calculated from a nonlinear model, although it appears that there is no uphill critical gradient within the range of our dataset.
If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to look for a different version under "Related research" (further below) or search for a different version of it.
Volume (Year): 8 (2012)
Issue (Month): 4 (November)
|Contact details of provider:|| Web page: https://www.degruyter.com|
|Order Information:||Web: https://www.degruyter.com/view/j/jqas|
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:bpj:jqsprt:v:8:y:2012:i:4:n:5. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Peter Golla)
If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.
If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.
If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.
Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.