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Analyses of Elite Swimming Performances and Their Respective Between-Gender Differences over Time


  • Johnson Michael B.

    (Georgia Highlands College)

  • Edmonds William A

    (Nova Southeastern University)

  • Jain Sachin

    (University of Idaho)

  • Cavazos Javier

    (Texas A&M University - Corpus Christi)


The current study analyzed historical performance data in order to contribute to the understanding of the development of elite athletes. Data for elite adult and youth swimmers from 1962 to 2007 were employed to identify changes in American swimming records and in the performances of elite American youth swimmers. Over this period, 11 of the 12 men's and women's American records analyzed are improving at an ever slowing rate. This trend parallels the resultant analyses herein from elite youth swimmers, suggesting a possible limit to reaching elite athletic performance. Unique gender differences by event for both elite adult and youth swimmers were also revealed. Results imply that genotype plays a role in elite athletic performance. Additionally, possible reasons and ramifications of these findings are proffered.

Suggested Citation

  • Johnson Michael B. & Edmonds William A & Jain Sachin & Cavazos Javier, 2009. "Analyses of Elite Swimming Performances and Their Respective Between-Gender Differences over Time," Journal of Quantitative Analysis in Sports, De Gruyter, vol. 5(4), pages 1-20, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:bpj:jqsprt:v:5:y:2009:i:4:n:2

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Daron Acemoglu & Philippe Aghion & Rachel Griffith & Fabrizio Zilibotti, 2010. "Vertical Integration and Technology: Theory and Evidence," Journal of the European Economic Association, MIT Press, vol. 8(5), pages 989-1033, September.
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    5. Cochrane, John H, 1991. "A Simple Test of Consumption Insurance," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 99(5), pages 957-976, October.
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