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Permanent Income, Convergence And Inequality Among Countries

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  • José M. Pastor
  • Lorenzo Serrano

Abstract

The literature on inequality has generally focused on the analysis of annual per capita income. This paper adopts a different approach by considering the life-cycle dimension of inequality and convergence between economies from 1960 to 2000. We analyze the present value of the set of incomes individuals obtain throughout their whole life (permanent income). On the basis of this approach, various simulations are made to determine the effect on inequality in permanent income of variables such as survival rates and the long-run growth rates in current income. The results indicate that survival rates are an important source of inequality. Inequality in permanent income is about one third higher than in current income. The implication of this finding is that if the whole life-cycle dimension is not considered, the level of inequality among economies is being underestimated. Copyright 2008 The Authors.

Suggested Citation

  • José M. Pastor & Lorenzo Serrano, 2008. "Permanent Income, Convergence And Inequality Among Countries," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 54(1), pages 105-115, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:revinw:v:54:y:2008:i:1:p:105-115
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    Cited by:

    1. José M. Pastor & Lorenzo Serrano, 2012. "European Integration and Inequality among Countries: A Lifecycle Income Analysis," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 20(1), pages 186-199, February.
    2. José Pastor & Empar Pons & Lorenzo Serrano, 2010. "Regional inequality in Spain: permanent income versus current income," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 44(1), pages 121-145, February.
    3. Álvarez, Inmaculada & Barbero, Javier, 2013. "Knowledge Spillovers in Neoclassical Growth Model: an extension with Public Sector," Working Papers in Economic Theory 2013/07, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid (Spain), Department of Economic Analysis (Economic Theory and Economic History).
    4. Norman Maynard, 2016. "Long-Run Growth Differences and the Neoclassical Growth Model," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 62(3), pages 574-583, September.
    5. Sonia de Lucas Santos & M. Jesús Delgado Rodríguez & Inmaculada Álvarez Ayuso & José Luis Cendejas Bueno, 2011. "Los ciclos económicos internacionales: antecedentes y revisión de la literatura," Cuadernos de Economía - Spanish Journal of Economics and Finance, Asociación Cuadernos de Economía, vol. 34(95), pages 73-84, Agosto.

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