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European Nominal and Real Convergence: Joint Process or Rival Dynamics?


  • Carre, Martine


Recent empirical studies have revealed that the convergence speeds of nominal and real variables are fairly different. This paper studies the temporal evolution of the mutual influence between the convergences of a nominal and of a real variable. It refers first to sigma-convergence analysis. In order to compare nominal and real paths, the evolutions of the cross-sectional variances of the two variables are connected. Then, nominal and real convergence processes are studied, as reciprocally conditioned within the same system. Nominal and real convergence were negatively correlated in the 1980s, while the 1990s have been characterized by a simultaneous convergence movement. Copyright 1997 by Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

Suggested Citation

  • Carre, Martine, 1997. "European Nominal and Real Convergence: Joint Process or Rival Dynamics?," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 5(4), pages 77-91, Supplemen.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:reviec:v:5:y:1997:i:4:p:77-91

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    Cited by:

    1. Dobrinsky, Rumen, 2006. "Catch-up inflation and nominal convergence: The balancing act for new EU entrants," Economic Systems, Elsevier, vol. 30(4), pages 424-442, December.
    2. López Martínez, I., 2001. "Convergencia nominal y convergencia real de España y Portugal con la Unión Europea (1986-1999)1," Estudios de Economía Aplicada, Estudios de Economía Aplicada, vol. 19, pages 49-68, Diciembre.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • C31 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Cross-Sectional Models; Spatial Models; Treatment Effect Models; Quantile Regressions; Social Interaction Models
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration


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