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The Benefits of Environmental Fiscal Reforms in an Integrated Europe


  • Carraro, Carlo
  • Galeotti, Marzio


This paper analyses the effects of an environmental fiscal reform where the environmental tax revenue is used to reduce the tax burden on labor in order to increase employment. The study tries to assess the benefits generated by this type of reform in an integrated Europe where different degrees of tax harmonization can be achieved. The differential impact of cooperative fiscal reforms versus noncooperative ones is quantified through the use of a newly developed general equilibrium model. The results suggest that only a high degree of harmonization, in which both revenue and expenditure policies are coordinated, can provide significant environmental and employment benefits. Copyright 1997 by Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

Suggested Citation

  • Carraro, Carlo & Galeotti, Marzio, 1997. "The Benefits of Environmental Fiscal Reforms in an Integrated Europe," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 5(4), pages 111-133, Supplemen.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:reviec:v:5:y:1997:i:4:p:111-33

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Pablo Serra, 1991. "Short-run and Long-run Welfare Implications of Free Trade," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 24(1), pages 21-33, February.
    2. Ruffin, Roy J & Yoon, Young Deak, 1993. "International Capital Movements in the Solow and Overlapping Generations Growth Models," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 1(2), pages 123-135, June.
    3. Galor, Oded, 1994. "Tariffs, Income Distribution and Welfare in a Small Overlapping-Generations Economy," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 35(1), pages 173-192, February.
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    Cited by:

    1. Bosello, Francesco & Carraro, Carlo & Galeotti, Marzio, 2001. "The double dividend issue: modeling strategies and empirical findings," Environment and Development Economics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 6(01), pages 9-45, February.

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