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Do Tax‐Deferred Exchanges Impact Purchase Price? Evidence from the Phoenix Apartment Market


  • Andrew Holmes
  • Barrett A. Slade


Many authors have commented on the compliance risk associated with tax‐deferred exchanges. However, no published studies explicitly address whether the risks associated with the exchange process impact the price at which exchanged assets trade. Using a unique data set that documents transactions for nondirect exchanges, this study examines the price impact of tax‐deferred exchanges on apartment transactions in the Phoenix, Arizona, market. Consistent with the price pressure hypothesis originally developed by Scholes (1972) and Kraus and Stoll (1972) and the tax capitalization hypothesis proposed by Oates (1969), the data show that exchange participants pay an economically significant premium to acquire replacement assets. A conventional hedonic price index is generated to investigate the rational bounds of the exchange premium.

Suggested Citation

  • Andrew Holmes & Barrett A. Slade, 2001. "Do Tax‐Deferred Exchanges Impact Purchase Price? Evidence from the Phoenix Apartment Market," Real Estate Economics, American Real Estate and Urban Economics Association, vol. 29(4), pages 567-588, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:reesec:v:29:y:2001:i:4:p:567-588
    DOI: 10.1111/1080-8620.00023

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    Cited by:

    1. Eli Beracha & William G. Hardin & Hilla Maaria Skiba, 2018. "Real Estate Market Segmentation: Hotels as Exemplar," The Journal of Real Estate Finance and Economics, Springer, vol. 56(2), pages 252-273, February.

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