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Wage compensation for fly‐in/fly‐out and drive‐in/drive‐out commuters


  • Dusan Paredes
  • Juan Soto
  • David A. Fleming


The fly‐in/fly‐Out (FIFO) or, drive‐in/drive‐out (DIDO) labour system is a long‐distance commuting work arrangement to attract workers towards remote mineral or fossil fuel extraction areas, where they work in shifts and then return to their usual place of residence located in a different region. Along with more and cheaper transportation alternatives, the use of FIFO/DIDO systems have importantly increased in last decades around the world, which has translated to FIFO/DIDO systems operating even when already established cities are present in extractive regions. This paper uses the case of Chile, one of the most important mining countries in the world, to explore whether and in what extent these labor systems influence wage compensations. We find that FIFO/DIDO commuters obtain an average wage compensation of 2.4 per cent per commuted hour. Los sistemas de mano de obra fly‐in/fly‐out (FIFO) o, drive‐in/drive‐out (DIDO) son sistemas de desplazamiento al trabajo de larga distancia para atraer trabajadores hacia áreas remotas de extracción de combustibles fósiles o minerales, en el que trabajan en turnos y luego regresan a su lugar de residencia habitual ubicado en una región diferente. Junto con otras alternativas de transporte, algunas incluso más baratas, el uso de los sistemas FIFO / DIDO ha aumentado de manera importante en las últimas décadas en todo el mundo, lo que ha supuesto sistemas FIFO / DIDO que funcionan incluso cuando ya hay ciudades establecidas presentes en regiones extractivas. Este artículo utiliza el caso de Chile, uno de los países mineros más importantes del mundo, para explorar si estos sistemas laborales influyen en las compensaciones salariales y en qué medida. Se encontró que los trabajadores que usan FIFO / DIDO obtienen una compensación salarial promedio del 2,4 por ciento por hora de desplazamiento. フライイン/フライアウト(fly‐in/fly‐Out:FIFO)またはドライブイン/ドライブアウト(drive‐in/drive‐out:DIDO)の労働システムは、遠隔地の鉱石や化石燃料の採掘地に労働者を呼び寄せるための長距離通勤方式で、労働者は現地では交代制で勤務し他の地域の居住地に帰っていくというものである。他の多くの安価な交通機関による通勤方法に加えて、FIFO/DIDOシステムの使用は、過去数十年で世界中において顕著に増加しており、採掘地域内に既存の確立された都市部がある場合でも、他の通勤手段からFIFO/DIDOへ移行されてきている。本稿では、世界でも有数の鉱石採掘国であるチリの例を用いて、この労働システムが賃金補償に影響するか否か、また、どの程度影響するかを探索する。FIFO/DIDOを利用する労働者は平均で通勤時間あたり2.4%の賃金補償を得ているという知見が得られた。

Suggested Citation

  • Dusan Paredes & Juan Soto & David A. Fleming, 2018. "Wage compensation for fly‐in/fly‐out and drive‐in/drive‐out commuters," Papers in Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 97(4), pages 1337-1353, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:presci:v:97:y:2018:i:4:p:1337-1353
    DOI: 10.1111/pirs.12296

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    Cited by:

    1. Philippe Gerber & Marius Thériault & Christophe Enaux & Samuel Carpentier-Postel, 2020. "Links between Attitudes, Mode Choice, and Travel Satisfaction: A Cross-Border Long-Commute Case Study," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(21), pages 1-1, November.
    2. Julio A. Berdegué & Tatiana Hiller & Juan Mauricio Ramírez & Santiago Satizábal & Isidro Soloaga & Juan Soto & Miguel Uribe & Olga Vargas, 2019. "Delineating functional territories from outer space," Latin American Economic Review, Springer;Centro de Investigaciòn y Docencia Económica (CIDE), vol. 28(1), pages 1-24, December.
    3. Juan Soto & Milena Vargas & Julio A. Berdegué, 2018. "How Large Are the Contributions of Cities to the Development of Rural Communities? A Market Access Approach for a Quarter Century of Evidence from Chile," Documentos de Trabajo LACEA 017060, The Latin American and Caribbean Economic Association - LACEA.
    4. Manuel Pérez-Trujillo & Mauricio Oyarzo Aguilar & Dusan Paredes Araya, 2020. "Long-distance commuting and the effect of differentiated salary expectations in the commuters’ place of living on the wage obtained in the place of working," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 65(2), pages 459-489, October.

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