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A Comparison of US and Canadian Mortality in 1998


  • Barbara Boyle Torrey
  • Carl Haub


On average, Americans die earlier than Canadians. An estimate based on comparing the number of actual US deaths with the number that would have obtained had Canadian age‐ and sex‐specific death rates applied to the US population shows an excess number of US deaths in 1998 amounting approximately to 253,000. Excess US deaths were especially numerous among older women, middle‐aged men, and nonwhites. Circulatory diseases were the major cause of excess deaths. Prevalences of two of the major risk factors for circulatory deaths—smoking and hypertension—were higher in Canada than in the US. But obesity was higher in the US, suggesting a likely important role that obesity plays in higher mortality in the US relative to Canada. Comparisons of the level, age pattern, and causes of US and Canadian mortality, however, raise more questions than currently available data can answer.

Suggested Citation

  • Barbara Boyle Torrey & Carl Haub, 2004. "A Comparison of US and Canadian Mortality in 1998," Population and Development Review, The Population Council, Inc., vol. 30(3), pages 519-530, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:popdev:v:30:y:2004:i:3:p:519-530
    DOI: 10.1111/j.1728-4457.2004.00027.x

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    Cited by:

    1. Magdalena M. Muszyńska & Roland Rau, 2009. "Falling Short of Highest Life Expectancy: How Many Americans Might Have Been Alive in the Twentieth Century?," Population and Development Review, The Population Council, Inc., vol. 35(3), pages 585-603, September.
    2. O'Neill June E & O'Neill Dave M, 2008. "Health Status, Health Care and Inequality: Canada vs. the U.S," Forum for Health Economics & Policy, De Gruyter, vol. 10(1), pages 1-45, April.
    3. Debajyoti Chakrabarty, 2022. "Taxation and human capital accumulation with endogenous mortality," The Japanese Economic Review, Springer, vol. 73(4), pages 555-596, October.

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