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From Discrete to Continuous Financial Models: New Convergence Results For Option Pricing


  • Nigel J. Cutland
  • Ekkehard Kopp
  • Walter Willinger


In this paper we develop a new notion of convergence for discussing the relationship between discrete and continuous financial models, "D"-super-2-convergence. This is stronger than weak convergence, the commonly used mode of convergence in the finance literature. We show that "D"-super-2-convergence, unlike weak convergence, yields a number of important convergence preservation results, including the convergence of contingent claims, derivative asset prices and hedge portfolios in the discrete Cox-Ross-Rubinstein option pricing models to their continuous counterparts in the Black-Scholes model. Our results show that "D"-super-2-convergence is characterized by a natural lifting condition from nonstandard analysis (NSA), and we demonstrate how this condition can be reformulated in standard terms, i.e., in language that only involves notions from standard analysis. From a practical point of view, our approach suggests procedures for constructing good (i.e., convergent) approximate discrete claims, prices, hedge portfolios, etc. This paper builds on earlier work by the authors, who introduced methods from NSA to study problems arising in the theory of option pricing. Copyright 1993 Blackwell Publishers.

Suggested Citation

  • Nigel J. Cutland & Ekkehard Kopp & Walter Willinger, 1993. "From Discrete to Continuous Financial Models: New Convergence Results For Option Pricing," Mathematical Finance, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 3(2), pages 101-123.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:mathfi:v:3:y:1993:i:2:p:101-123

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    Cited by:

    1. Frederik Herzberg, 2013. "First steps towards an equilibrium theory for Lévy financial markets," Annals of Finance, Springer, vol. 9(3), pages 543-572, August.
    2. Herzberg, Frederik, 2011. "On the foundations of Lévy finance. Equilibrium for a single-agent financial market with jumps," Center for Mathematical Economics Working Papers 406, Center for Mathematical Economics, Bielefeld University.
    3. repec:spr:orspec:v:39:y:2017:i:4:d:10.1007_s00291-017-0484-0 is not listed on IDEAS

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