IDEAS home Printed from
MyIDEAS: Log in (now much improved!) to save this article

Joint analysis of correlated repeated measures and recurrent events processes in the presence of death, with application to a study on acquired immune deficiency syndrome

Listed author(s):
  • Lei Liu
  • Xuelin Huang
Registered author(s):

    In many longitudinal studies, we observe two correlated processes: a repeated measures process and a recurrent events process, both subject to a dependent terminal event. For example, in the 'Terry Beirn community programs for clinical research on AIDS' (CPCRA) study, higher CD4 cell counts are associated with lower risk of recurrent opportunistic diseases. They are also correlated with mortality, e.g. higher CD4 cell repeated measures and a lower rate of opportunistic disease imply better survival for patients infected with the human immunodeficiency virus. We propose a joint random-effects model for the three correlated outcomes. The correlation is modelled by conditioning on shared random effects. Covariate effects can be taken into account in the model. Maximum likelihood estimation and inference are carried out through a Gaussian quadrature technique, assuming piecewise constant baseline hazards for recurrent events and death. The model can be fitted conveniently by Gaussian quadrature tools, e.g. SAS procedure NLMIXED. Simulation studies show that the estimation method yields satisfactory results. We apply this method to the CPCRA data. Copyright (c) 2009 Royal Statistical Society.

    If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

    File URL:
    File Function: link to full text
    Download Restriction: Access to full text is restricted to subscribers.

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to look for a different version under "Related research" (further below) or search for a different version of it.

    Article provided by Royal Statistical Society in its journal Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series C (Applied Statistics).

    Volume (Year): 58 (2009)
    Issue (Month): 1 ()
    Pages: 65-81

    in new window

    Handle: RePEc:bla:jorssc:v:58:y:2009:i:1:p:65-81
    Contact details of provider: Postal:
    12 Errol Street, London EC1Y 8LX, United Kingdom

    Phone: -44-171-638-8998
    Fax: -44-171-256-7598
    Web page:

    More information through EDIRC

    Order Information: Web:

    No references listed on IDEAS
    You can help add them by filling out this form.

    This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

    When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:bla:jorssc:v:58:y:2009:i:1:p:65-81. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Wiley-Blackwell Digital Licensing)

    or (Christopher F. Baum)

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

    If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.