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  • Carmen Hubbard
  • Matthew Gorton
  • Lionel Hubbard


type="graphical"> The engagement of small farms, including semi-subsistence farms (SSFs), in short/direct food supply chains varies significantly across EU Member States (MSs). It is far more prevalent in Southern EU MSs and in some New Member States (NMSs), such as Poland and Romania, than in North-West Europe. Farmers' markets, the most prevalent form of short/direct food supply chains, are most successful where they target ‘ethically concerned’ consumers and those for whom direct relationships with producers are considered as the main guarantee of quality. Such consumers are typically middle-class urban residents, so that successful farmers' markets are often located some distance from the point of production.
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  • Carmen Hubbard & Matthew Gorton & Lionel Hubbard, 2011. "Summary," EuroChoices, The Agricultural Economics Society, vol. 10(1), pages 37-41, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:eurcho:v:10:y:2011:i:1:p:37-41

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    • Matthew Gorton & Cristina Salvioni & Carmen Hubbard, 2014. "Summary," EuroChoices, The Agricultural Economics Society, vol. 13(1), pages 15-19, April.

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