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Reservation Wages and the Union Job Queue: A Sample Selection Approach


  • Hampton, Mary B
  • Heywood, John S


This paper uses a unique data set of unemployed semi-skilled workers to examine the relationship between reservation wages and the decision to queue for a union sector job. Estimation of selected reservation wage equations indicates that the failure of all previous estimates to model the queuing decision results in biased coefficients. Those workers who queue for a union job are subject to a distinct reservation wage formation process which differs from those not queuing. Moreover, a structural estimate of the queuing decision demonstrates that workers with the greatest differences between estimated reservation wages in the union and non-union sector are most likely to queue. This estimate of the queuing decision stands as one of the few which focus on unemployed workers. Among other results, women and minorities are more likely to queue for union jobs, all else equal. Copyright 1993 by Blackwell Publishing Ltd and the Board of Trustees of the Bulletin of Economic Research

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  • Hampton, Mary B & Heywood, John S, 1993. "Reservation Wages and the Union Job Queue: A Sample Selection Approach," Bulletin of Economic Research, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 45(4), pages 315-328, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:buecrs:v:45:y:1993:i:4:p:315-28

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Caves, Douglas W & Christensen, Laurits R & Diewert, W Erwin, 1982. "The Economic Theory of Index Numbers and the Measurement of Input, Output, and Productivity," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 50(6), pages 1393-1414, November.
    2. Diewert, W. E., 1976. "Exact and superlative index numbers," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 4(2), pages 115-145, May.
    3. Charnes, A. & Cooper, W. W. & Rhodes, E., 1978. "Measuring the efficiency of decision making units," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 2(6), pages 429-444, November.
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