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Bank Managers Perception of Ethical and Legal Conduct in Emerging Markets During the Post-Crises Period: Evidence From Turkish Banking Sector


  • Ayfer HORTACSU


The objective of the study was to identify the main ethical dilemmas facing the banking managers; to assess the ethicality of some banking practices as perceived by top managers; to determine the effects of the demographic and institutional dimensions on bank managers’ ethical judgments; to check the overlap and divergence of the authentic norms and banking or criminal law and State Security Court pleas. The findings refute the idea that the banking community has authentic norms or a free space for intentions and interpretations conflicting with the law and indicate that the Turkish bank managers are on the higher end of the ethics scale.

Suggested Citation

  • E.Nur OZKAN GUNAY & Ayfer HORTACSU, 2011. "Bank Managers Perception of Ethical and Legal Conduct in Emerging Markets During the Post-Crises Period: Evidence From Turkish Banking Sector," Journal of BRSA Banking and Financial Markets, Banking Regulation and Supervision Agency, vol. 5(2), pages 11-50.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdd:journl:v:5:y:2011:i:2:p:11-50

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Evangelos Drimbetas & Nikolaos Sariannidis & Nicos Porfiris, 2007. "The effect of derivatives trading on volatility of the underlying asset: evidence from the Greek stock market," Applied Financial Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 17(2), pages 139-148.
    2. Eric V. Clifton, 1985. "The currency futures market and interbank foreign exchange trading," Journal of Futures Markets, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 5(3), pages 375-384, September.
    3. Bollerslev, Tim, 1986. "Generalized autoregressive conditional heteroskedasticity," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 31(3), pages 307-327, April.
    4. Engle, Robert F & Ng, Victor K, 1993. " Measuring and Testing the Impact of News on Volatility," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 48(5), pages 1749-1778, December.
    5. Cox, Charles C, 1976. "Futures Trading and Market Information," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 84(6), pages 1215-1237, December.
    6. Bray, Margaret M, 1981. "Futures Trading, Rational Expectations, and the Efficient Markets Hypothesis," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 49(3), pages 575-596, May.
    7. Pierluigi Bologna & Laura Cavallo, 2002. "Does the introduction of stock index futures effectively reduce stock market volatility? Is the 'futures effect' immediate? Evidence from the Italian stock exchange using GARCH," Applied Financial Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 12(3), pages 183-192.
    8. Danthine, Jean-Pierre, 1978. "Information, futures prices, and stabilizing speculation," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 17(1), pages 79-98, February.
    9. Engle, Robert F, 1982. "Autoregressive Conditional Heteroscedasticity with Estimates of the Variance of United Kingdom Inflation," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 50(4), pages 987-1007, July.
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    More about this item


    Business Ethics; Banking Sector; Turkey;

    JEL classification:

    • G01 - Financial Economics - - General - - - Financial Crises
    • G02 - Financial Economics - - General - - - Behavioral Finance: Underlying Principles
    • G18 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Government Policy and Regulation


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