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The Employment Situation In Sme In The Romanian Textile And Clothing Industry



    () (Faculty of Business, Babes-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca, Romania)


    () (Faculty of Business, Babes-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca, Romania)


It is well-known that the development of a country, the improvement of man’s material and moral well-being, in one word his freedom and happiness depends on work. This problem is more urgent for the Romania, because of the fact that the adherence to EU structures supposes to create an efficient framework of approach the problems of the labour market, according to the predictable evolutions of the national and European economic area. In present, a very important issue is the employment problem in manufacture industry, especially in textile and clothing industry. This sector is very important for our country because it contributes almost with 20% from the Romanian total export and absorbs 1/5 from the total employment in Romanian industry. Keeping in mind the above-mentioned facts, the present paper aims to analyze the matter of Romania’s employment in textile and clothing industry for the time span of 1991-2005, attempting to observe the dimensions and evolutions of the problems our country faces under these aspects. The paper is structured as it follow: In the first part, we are going to analyze the changes that have appeared in Romania’s employed population structure throughout the country’s transition period towards the market economy. The second part covers the matter of employment in textile and clothing industry, analyzing the main causes that have lead to the decrease of the employment in that sector. In the same time, we are going to analyze the structure of employment both in textile and clothing sector by size of enterprises and time periods. At the end of the paper, we are going to analyze the perspectives of the employment in these sectors in the context of the European Integration.

Suggested Citation

  • Marius Bota & Carmen Gut, 2007. "The Employment Situation In Sme In The Romanian Textile And Clothing Industry," JOURNAL STUDIA UNIVERSITATIS BABES-BOLYAI NEGOTIA, Babes-Bolyai University, Faculty of Business.
  • Handle: RePEc:bbn:journl:2007_1_15_bota

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    File Function: Revised version, 2007
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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Marius Bota, 2005. "The Impact Of The Accession To The Ue On The Romanian Textile Industry," JOURNAL STUDIA UNIVERSITATIS BABES-BOLYAI NEGOTIA, Babes-Bolyai University, Faculty of Business.
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    Cited by:

    1. Marius Bota & Smaranda Adina Cosma & Adina Letitia Negrusa, 2007. "The European Clothing Industry Post The Agreement On Textile And Clothing," JOURNAL STUDIA UNIVERSITATIS BABES-BOLYAI NEGOTIA, Babes-Bolyai University, Faculty of Business.
    2. Leonhard Plank & Cornelia Staritz, 2015. "Global competition, institutional context and regional production networks: up- and downgrading experiences in Romania’s apparel industry," Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society, Cambridge Political Economy Society, vol. 8(3), pages 421-438.
    3. Plank, Leonhard & Staritz, Cornelia, 2014. "Global competition, institutional context, and regional production networks: Up- and downgrading experiences in Romania's apparel industry," Working Papers 50, Österreichische Forschungsstiftung für Internationale Entwicklung (ÖFSE) / Austrian Foundation for Development Research.

    More about this item


    employment; textile and clothing industry; labour force.;

    JEL classification:

    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
    • L67 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Manufacturing - - - Other Consumer Nondurables: Clothing, Textiles, Shoes, and Leather Goods; Household Goods; Sports Equipment
    • M12 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Administration - - - Personnel Management; Executives; Executive Compensation


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