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Urban Growth and Climate Change


  • Matthew E. Kahn

    () (Institute of the Environment and Department of Economics, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095; NBER, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138)


Between 1950 and 2030, the share of the world's population that lives in cities is predicted to grow from 30% to 60%. This urbanization has consequences for the likelihood of climate change and for the social costs that climate change will impose on the world's quality of life. This paper examines how urbanization affects greenhouse gas production, and it studies how urbanites in the developed and developing world will adapt to the challenges posed by climate change.

Suggested Citation

  • Matthew E. Kahn, 2009. "Urban Growth and Climate Change," Annual Review of Resource Economics, Annual Reviews, vol. 1(1), pages 333-350, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:anr:reseco:v:1:y:2009:p:333-350

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    Blog mentions

    As found by, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
    1. Al Gore Changes His Mind on the Beneficial Role of Climate Change Adaptation
      by Matthew Kahn in Environmental and Urban Economics on 2013-02-10 22:30:00
    2. Al Gore’s Nuanced Support for Climate Change Adaptation Efforts
      by Matthew E. Kahn in The Reality-Based Community on 2013-02-10 22:36:53
    3. Professor Stavins' Climate Change Piece in the NY Times Today
      by Matthew Kahn in Environmental and Urban Economics on 2014-09-22 06:02:00
    4. Calm and Sensible Climate Adaptation Discussion in the NY Times
      by Matthew Kahn in Environmental and Urban Economics on 2015-11-04 20:49:00
    5. Democratic Presidential Candidates Talk about Climate Change Adaptation and Our Cities
      by Matthew Kahn in Environmental and Urban Economics on 2016-03-10 21:45:00
    6. Creatures Adapt to Climate Change by Migrating
      by Matthew Kahn in Environmental and Urban Economics on 2016-06-15 20:42:00
    7. The Economics Research Agenda on Climate Change Adaptation
      by Matthew Kahn in Environmental and Urban Economics on 2016-09-17 20:28:00
    8. Some Comments on Nordhaus (2016)
      by Matthew Kahn in Environmental and Urban Economics on 2017-01-31 20:51:00
    9. Investing in a "Northwest" Real Estate REIT
      by Matthew Kahn in Environmental and Urban Economics on 2017-07-30 22:03:00


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Kahn, Matthew E. & Walsh, Randall, 2015. "Cities and the Environment," Handbook of Regional and Urban Economics, Elsevier.
    2. Feng, Bo & Partridge, Mark & Rembert, Mark, 2016. "The Perils of Modelling How Migration Responds to Climate Change," MPRA Paper 77059, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Mu, Jianhong E. & Mihiar, Christopher & Lewis, David J. & Sleeter, Benjamin & Abatzoglou, John T., 2016. "An Empirical Analysis of Climate Uncertainty and Land-use Transitions in the U.S. Pacific and Mountain Regions," 2016 Annual Meeting, July 31-August 2, Boston, Massachusetts 236643, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
    4. Piet Eichholtz & Nils Kok & John M. Quigley, 2013. "The Economics of Green Building," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 95(1), pages 50-63, March.
    5. Kahn, Matthew E., 2015. "Climate Change Adaptation: Lessons from Urban Economics," Strategic Behavior and the Environment, now publishers, vol. 5(1), pages 1-30, June.
    6. David Albouy & Walter Graf & Ryan Kellogg & Hendrik Wolff, 2016. "Climate Amenities, Climate Change, and American Quality of Life," Journal of the Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, University of Chicago Press, vol. 3(1), pages 205-246.
    7. Devin Bunten & Matthew E. Kahn, 2014. "The Impact of Emerging Climate Risks on Urban Real Estate Price Dynamics," NBER Working Papers 20018, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    8. Sinha, Paramita & Caulkins, Martha L. & Cropper, Maureen L., 2018. "Household location decisions and the value of climate amenities," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 92(C), pages 608-637.
    9. David Albouy & Walter Graf & Ryan Kellogg & Hendrik Wolff, 2010. "Aversion to Extreme Temperatures, Climate Change, and Quality of Life," Working Papers UWEC-2011-03, University of Washington, Department of Economics.
    10. Sinha, Paramita & Cropper, Maureen L., 2013. "The Value of Climate Amenities: Evidence from US Migration Decisions," Discussion Papers dp-13-01, Resources For the Future.
    11. Bienert, Sven, . "Climate Change Implications for Real Estate Portfolio Allocation - Business as usual or game shift," Beiträge zur Immobilienwirtschaft, University of Regensburg, Department of Economics, number 17, November.
    12. Kousky, Carolyn, 2012. "Informing Climate Adaptation: A Review of the Economic Costs of Natural Disasters, Their Determinants, and Risk Reduction Options," Discussion Papers dp-12-28, Resources For the Future.

    More about this item


    global externality; tragedy of the commons; adaptation; incidence; cities; global warming;

    JEL classification:

    • Q54 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Climate; Natural Disasters and their Management; Global Warming
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes
    • R23 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population


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