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Existe Fuga de Cérebros" no Brasil? Evidências a Partir dos Censos Demográficos de 1991 e 2000

Author

Listed:
  • Fernanda Mendes Bezerra

    (Universidade Federal de Pernambuco)

  • Raul da Mota Silveira Neto

    (Universidade Federal de Pernambuco)

Abstract

“Fuga de cérebros" é conhecida na literatura como emigração de pessoas relativamente mais qualificadas de regiões subdesenvolvidas para regiões desenvolvidas. A partir de indicadores que consideram o impacto da escolaridade sobre a produtividade, este trabalho busca identificar a existência de “fuga de cérebros" dos estados brasileiro em direção a São Paulo, estado economicamente mais desenvolvido do Brasil. Os principais resultados encontrados indicam que: i) os principais estados que registraram "fuga" de capital humano foram Rio de Janeiro e Rio Grande do Sul; ii) não existe perda de capital humano da região Nordeste para São Paulo; e iii) as regiões Norte e Centro-Oeste, apesar de apresentarem baixas taxas de migração, se enquadram perfeitamente no conceito de "fuga de cérebros". Por fim, vale ressaltar que as unidades da federação com mais responsabilidade na emigração em direção a São Paulo não registram perda de produtividade causada pela emigração de pessoas qualificadas.

Suggested Citation

  • Fernanda Mendes Bezerra & Raul da Mota Silveira Neto, 2008. "Existe Fuga de Cérebros" no Brasil? Evidências a Partir dos Censos Demográficos de 1991 e 2000," Economia, ANPEC - Associação Nacional dos Centros de Pósgraduação em Economia [Brazilian Association of Graduate Programs in Economics], vol. 9(3), pages 435-456.
  • Handle: RePEc:anp:econom:v:9:y:2008:i:3:435-456
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Fuga de Cérebros; Formação de Capital Humano; Produtividade;

    JEL classification:

    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration
    • R23 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population

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