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Os Efeitos dos Gastos Públicos em Infraestrutura e em Capital Humano no Crescimento Econômico e na Redução da Pobreza no Brasil

Author

Listed:
  • Aline Cristina Cruz

    (Universidade Federal de São João del Rei, Brasil)

  • Erly Cardoso Teixeira

    (Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Brasil)

  • Marcelo José Braga

    (Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Brasil)

Abstract

Este estudo comprova a eficiência dos gastos públicos em educação, saúde, estradas e energia quanto à melhora do capital humano e físico no País, cujos avanços elevam a renda per capita e a produtividade total dos fatores. Observa-se que os gastos nestas categorias geram crescimento econômico com redução da pobreza. Se por um lado, o PIB per capita e a PTF possuem relação inversa com a pobreza, por outro, existe relação direta entre concentração de renda e crescimento populacional e o número de pobres. Portanto, pode-se afirmar que gastos públicos nestas categorias constituem medidas eficazes para gerar crescimento pró-pobre.

Suggested Citation

  • Aline Cristina Cruz & Erly Cardoso Teixeira & Marcelo José Braga, 2010. "Os Efeitos dos Gastos Públicos em Infraestrutura e em Capital Humano no Crescimento Econômico e na Redução da Pobreza no Brasil," Economia, ANPEC - Associação Nacional dos Centros de Pós-Graduação em Economia [Brazilian Association of Graduate Programs in Economics], vol. 11(4), pages 163-185.
  • Handle: RePEc:anp:econom:v:11:y:2010:i:4:163_185
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    Keywords

    Crescimento Econômico; Pobreza; Gastos Públicos; Capital Humano; Infraestrutura;

    JEL classification:

    • C3 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables
    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration
    • O4 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity

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