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A Study Of The European Overland Exports To The Ottoman Empire: 1795-1804


  • A. Mesud Kucukkalay
  • Numan Elibol

    () (Eskisehir osmangazi ‹niversitesi)


In this study, the merchants, the trade articles and the financial composition of the caravans coming from Belgrade to the interior of the Ottoman Empire at the turn of the 18th century are examined. The chief sources of the study are Cevdet Maliye, Cevdet Iktisat and Bab-Ë Defteri Basmuhasebe registers in the Ottoman Archives of Prime Ministry in Istanbul. In the course of the study the trade articles are categorized and together with the nationalities of merchants and taxes collected from the caravans are presented in tables. The aim of the study is to shed light on the Ottoman-European overland trade during the period under study and to show clearly the fundemental changes referred by some researches briefly as well as to determine the major tendencies of the trade. The results reached by the examination of 9 registery books (9 caravans, 318 merchants, 1036 items of goods) are presented in conclusion in seperate items.

Suggested Citation

  • A. Mesud Kucukkalay & Numan Elibol, 2004. "A Study Of The European Overland Exports To The Ottoman Empire: 1795-1804," Anadolu University Journal of Social Sciences, Anadolu University, vol. 4(1), pages 29-54, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:and:journl:v:4:y:2004:i:1:p:29-54

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Masako Ueda, 2004. "Banks versus Venture Capital: Project Evaluation, Screening, and Expropriation," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 59(2), pages 601-621, April.
    2. Black, Bernard S. & Gilson, Ronald J., 1998. "Venture capital and the structure of capital markets: banks versus stock markets," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 47(3), pages 243-277, March.
    3. van Pottelsberghe de la Potterie, Bruno & Romain, Astrid, 2004. "The Determinants of Venture Capital: Additional Evidence," Discussion Paper Series 1: Economic Studies 2004,19, Deutsche Bundesbank.
    4. Schertler, Andrea, 2003. "Driving Forces of Venture Capital Investments in Europe: A Dynamic Panel Data Analysis," Kiel Working Papers 1172, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
    5. Andrea Schertler, 2007. "Knowledge Capital and Venture Capital Investments: New Evidence from European Panel Data," German Economic Review, Verein für Socialpolitik, vol. 8, pages 64-88, January.
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    More about this item


    Trade; Ottoman Trade; Caravan Trade; Foreign Trade; Belgrad Trade; Trade of Eighteenth Century.;

    JEL classification:

    • N73 - Economic History - - Economic History: Transport, International and Domestic Trade, Energy, and Other Services - - - Europe: Pre-1913


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