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European biodiversity and responsible tourism

Author

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  • Andreea Baltaretu

Abstract

Despite its small size, Europe has an amazing biodiversity. Much of this is due to the divergent climatic and topographic conditions that are found on the continent. Natural forces, in combination with the human interaction over the centuries, have created a complex mosaic of habitats and natural and semi-collapsible, each containing different plants and animals. Although the number of species cannot reach the other continents, many plants and animals in Europe are endemic and therefore unique on this continent. But Europe?s biodiversity is affected by a serious decline. The main pressures and factors underlying this decline are well known. The fundamental cause is the destruction, degradation and fragmentation of habitat due to the land use change. In the last 50 years, Europe has seen a significant conversion of the land, intensification of production systems, urban sprawl, infrastructure development and abandonment of traditional practices (often favourable to biodiversity).

Suggested Citation

  • Andreea Baltaretu, 2013. "European biodiversity and responsible tourism," International Journal for Responsible Tourism, Fundatia Amfiteatru, vol. 2(2), pages 7-21, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:amf:ijrtfa:v:2:y:2013:i:2:p:7-21
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    biodiversity; ecosystem; threaten species; decline; sustainable development;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • Q01 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General - - - Sustainable Development
    • Q50 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - General
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
    • Q58 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environmental Economics: Government Policy

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