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Leader’S Influences On Training Effectiveness


  • Bilal Afsar

    (Department of Management Sciences Hazara University)

  • Asad Shahjehan

    (Department of Management Sciences Hazara University)

  • Zia Ur Rehman

    (Department of Management Sciences Hazara University)


Training effectiveness is a function of trainee characteristics, training design andcontextual factors. Social exchanges in the work environment have received less attention comparedwith other training effectiveness predictors. We focus on the extent to which leaders (through theirrelationships and exchanges with followers) influence skill transfer, maintenance and generalization. Wealso examine two intervening processes (training motivation and outcome expectancy). Our findings,based on surveys from 450 employees, argue for the importance of leader–member exchange for trainingtransfer, with training motivation and outcome expectancy as intervening mechanisms.

Suggested Citation

  • Bilal Afsar & Asad Shahjehan & Zia Ur Rehman, 2010. "Leader’S Influences On Training Effectiveness," Annales Universitatis Apulensis Series Oeconomica, Faculty of Sciences, "1 Decembrie 1918" University, Alba Iulia, vol. 2(12), pages 1-11.
  • Handle: RePEc:alu:journl:v:2:y:2010:i:12:p:11

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    More about this item


    Training motivation; leader–member exchange; training maintenance and training outcomes;

    JEL classification:

    • M12 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Administration - - - Personnel Management; Executives; Executive Compensation


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