IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Dynamics Of Certified Environmental Management Systems: Iso 14001 And Emas In Romania


  • Patricia Ratiu

    (Babes -Bolyai University Cluj-Napoca Romania)

  • Maria Mortan

    (Babes -Bolyai University Cluj-Napoca Romania)


Confronted with more complex and numerous environmental issues many companiesrealized that environmental initiatives can be more effectively managed through an EMS whichprovide a systematic and coherent approach of their activities.In the present paper we describe the two most recognized and widely applied systems forenvironmental management - EMAS (Eco-Management and Audit Scheme) and ISO 14001certifications. Once viewed as an external cost, environmental responsibility is fast becoming acompetitive advantage for companies and for the whole economy of a country. Our paper adds newperspective to the literature framework, by showing that even if the differences between ISO 14001and EMAS still exist they are not competitors, moreover ISO 14001 requirements are integrated intoEMAS scheme, become compatible to each other.To achieve the objective of this paper we make an analysis regarding the number of Romanianorganizations that have a certified environmental management system, in compliance with the twomain international references. The results show that in our countries the number of organizationswith an EMS certified by ISO 14001 is much higher than the number of organizations registeredunder EMAS. This represents an opportunity, given that once with the adoption of EMAS II, ISO14001 is a step stone towards EMAS certification and companies can integrate both standards intheir management system, achieving more benefits on the European markets. Another opportunity toincrease the number of EMAS registration are economic and financial incentives offered to small andmedium sized companies.

Suggested Citation

  • Patricia Ratiu & Maria Mortan, 2014. "Dynamics Of Certified Environmental Management Systems: Iso 14001 And Emas In Romania," Annales Universitatis Apulensis Series Oeconomica, Faculty of Sciences, "1 Decembrie 1918" University, Alba Iulia, vol. 1(16), pages 1-18.
  • Handle: RePEc:alu:journl:v:1:y:2014:i:16:p:18

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    More about this item


    environmental management system; EMAS III; performance improvement; ISO 14001;

    JEL classification:

    • Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics
    • Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics
    • M14 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Administration - - - Corporate Culture; Diversity; Social Responsibility


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:alu:journl:v:1:y:2014:i:16:p:18. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Dan-Constantin Danuletiu). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.