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Dynamics Of Certified Environmental Management Systems: Iso 14001 And Emas In Romania

Author

Listed:
  • Patricia Ratiu

    (Babes -Bolyai University Cluj-Napoca Romania)

  • Maria Mortan

    (Babes -Bolyai University Cluj-Napoca Romania)

Abstract

Confronted with more complex and numerous environmental issues many companiesrealized that environmental initiatives can be more effectively managed through an EMS whichprovide a systematic and coherent approach of their activities.In the present paper we describe the two most recognized and widely applied systems forenvironmental management - EMAS (Eco-Management and Audit Scheme) and ISO 14001certifications. Once viewed as an external cost, environmental responsibility is fast becoming acompetitive advantage for companies and for the whole economy of a country. Our paper adds newperspective to the literature framework, by showing that even if the differences between ISO 14001and EMAS still exist they are not competitors, moreover ISO 14001 requirements are integrated intoEMAS scheme, become compatible to each other.To achieve the objective of this paper we make an analysis regarding the number of Romanianorganizations that have a certified environmental management system, in compliance with the twomain international references. The results show that in our countries the number of organizationswith an EMS certified by ISO 14001 is much higher than the number of organizations registeredunder EMAS. This represents an opportunity, given that once with the adoption of EMAS II, ISO14001 is a step stone towards EMAS certification and companies can integrate both standards intheir management system, achieving more benefits on the European markets. Another opportunity toincrease the number of EMAS registration are economic and financial incentives offered to small andmedium sized companies.

Suggested Citation

  • Patricia Ratiu & Maria Mortan, 2014. "Dynamics Of Certified Environmental Management Systems: Iso 14001 And Emas In Romania," Annales Universitatis Apulensis Series Oeconomica, Faculty of Sciences, "1 Decembrie 1918" University, Alba Iulia, vol. 1(16), pages 1-18.
  • Handle: RePEc:alu:journl:v:1:y:2014:i:16:p:18
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    environmental management system; EMAS III; performance improvement; ISO 14001;

    JEL classification:

    • Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics
    • Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics
    • M14 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Administration - - - Corporate Culture; Diversity; Social Responsibility

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