Foreign direct investment and external debt in Hungary
This article comprises an examination of the basic macroeconomic capital structure from a corporate stand-point — based on capital structure theories and on an analytical framework of corporate finance. The ‘Trade-off Theory’ employed at the macro-level can be compared to the choice between the consumption-smoothing effect of external debt and the risk of bankruptcy, whilst the ‘Hierarchy Theory’ can be applied to the ‘pecking order’ of global capital flows. The ‘Free Cash Flow Theory’ emphasises the disciplining effect of external debt, significance of which has become more evident with the credit crisis and the IMF’s loan-package to Hungary. The macroeconomic capital structure shows that in respect to international investment, the debt-to-GDP ratio has been growing more rapidly over the last ten years, and due to the level of indebtedness, the conditions essential for sustainable development cannot survive. The authors attempt to show that this is the reason why an unbridgeable efficiency gap has appeared in the employment of external capital. Although domestic economic policy-makers are sure of their long-term ability to manage the ever-increasing external debt, it would be a mistake to overlook those macroeconomic anomalies which have brought about the widening of the efficiency gap.
If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to look for a different version under "Related research" (further below) or search for a different version of it.
Volume (Year): 31 (2009)
Issue (Month): 2 (December)
|Contact details of provider:|| Web page: http://www.akkrt.hu|
|Order Information:|| Postal: Akadémiai Kiadó Zrt., Prielle K. u. 21-35. Budapest, 1117, Hungary|
Web: http://www.akademiai.com Email:
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:aka:soceco:v:31:y:2009:i:2:p:211-234. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Vajda, Lőrinc)
If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.
If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.
If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.
Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.