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Measuring Push, Pull And Personal Factors Affecting Turnover Intention: A Case Of University Teachers In Pakistan


  • Iqtidar ALI SHAH

    () (COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Abbottabad, Pakistan)

  • Zainab FAKHR

    () (COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Abbottabad, Pakistan)

  • M. Shakil AHMAD

    () (COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Abbottabad, Pakistan)

  • Khalid ZAMAN

    () (COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Attock, Pakistan)


It has been observed that professional and qualified teacher’s retention become a challenge for Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) in Pakistan as the turnover rate has been significantly increased in recent years. The main objective of this paper is to access personal, push and pull factors and to find out that which factors contribute more to turnover intention. Primary data were collected from 100 teachers of 5 HEIs using questionnaire methods. The results indicate that all factors (personal, pull and push) have contributed in the employees’ turnover intentions. However, some facets of personal factor have significantly contributed in turnover intentions.

Suggested Citation

  • Iqtidar ALI SHAH & Zainab FAKHR & M. Shakil AHMAD & Khalid ZAMAN, 2010. "Measuring Push, Pull And Personal Factors Affecting Turnover Intention: A Case Of University Teachers In Pakistan," Review of Economic and Business Studies, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, issue 5, pages 167-192, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:aic:revebs:y:2010:i:5:alishahi

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    File URL:,I,%20Fakhr,Z,%20Ahmad,M,%20Zaman,K%97Measuring%20Push,%20Pull%20And%20Personal%20Factors%20Affecting%20Turnover%20Intention_A%20Case%20Of%20University%20Teachers%20In%20Pakistan.pdf
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    More about this item


    Turnover; Higher Education Institution; Job Quit; Personal Factors; Push Factors; Pull Factors;

    JEL classification:

    • J63 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Turnover; Vacancies; Layoffs


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