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Precios fijos y raciones: la Anaconda Copper Company en Chile entre 1932 y 1958

Author

Listed:
  • Fernando Angela Vergara

    (Department of History, California State University, Los Angeles, Los Angeles CA, Estados Unidos)

Abstract

Este artículo examina las características del sistema de precios fijos para los productos de primera necesidad impuesto por las filiales de la empresa norteamericana Anaconda Copper Company en Chile. Entre 1932 y 1958, las filiales de Anaconda matuvieron un generoso sistema de precios fijos que garantizó a los trabajadores acceso a productos básicos en un contexto nacional de fuertes presiones inflacionarias. Junto a razones económicas, los precios fijos fueron parte de un sistema más amplio de beneficios y prácticas socio-laborales. Así, influida por las ideas de paternalismo industrial, Anaconda utilizó los precios fijos como una forma de influir sobre la mano de obra y garantizar una cierta paz y estabilidad laboral en sus campamentos. En la práctica, sin embargo, las contradicciones y el mal funcionamiento de las llamadas pulperías motivaron innumerables conflictos laborales y sociales en los campamentos del cobre, provocando una ardua campaña sindical para mejorar y ampliar estos beneficios. Hacia 1958, el sistema se había vuelto demasiado costoso y poco práctico, siendo remplazado por una compensación económica que se pagaba directamente al trabajador. KEY Classification-JEL: J3. J5. N 36. N 56

Suggested Citation

  • Fernando Angela Vergara, 2012. "Precios fijos y raciones: la Anaconda Copper Company en Chile entre 1932 y 1958," Investigaciones de Historia Económica (IHE) Journal of the Spanish Economic History Association, Asociacion Espa–ola de Historia Economica, vol. 8(03), pages 135-143.
  • Handle: RePEc:ahe:invest:v:08:y:2012:i:03:p:135-143
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Becker, Gary S, 1988. "Family Economics and Macro Behavior," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, pages 1-13.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Consumo. Trabajo. Minería. Precios.;

    JEL classification:

    • J3 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs
    • J5 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor-Management Relations, Trade Unions, and Collective Bargaining

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