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Aproximación a la historia de la industria de equipos y componentes de automoción en España


  • José María Ortiz-Villajos

    () (Universidad Complutense de Madrid)


The automotive components industry —nowadays the third Spanish industrial sector— arose in Spain at the beginning of the 20th Century. Its development was slow, as was the development of the local automobile industry, but before 1936 it had achieved a significant size and was in process of growth and modernization. The Spanish Civil War and the industrial policy of the forties slowed down this process, but in the fifties the industry grew quickly while the automobile industry took off. The rapid growth of the supplier industry between 1950 and 1970 took place in a protectionist framework, which limited its modernization and caused shortage of components. But after the liberalization of the seventies, it succeeded in modernizing and internationalizing, although this was to a great extent attributable to the multinational companies established in Spain. KEY Classification-JEL: L62, N64, N84, O14

Suggested Citation

  • José María Ortiz-Villajos, 2010. "Aproximación a la historia de la industria de equipos y componentes de automoción en España," Investigaciones de Historia Económica (IHE) Journal of the Spanish Economic History Association, Asociacion Espa–ola de Historia Economica, vol. 6(01), pages 135-172.
  • Handle: RePEc:ahe:invest:v:06:y:2010:i:01:p:135-172

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    More about this item


    Automotive Components Industry; Automobile Industry; Spain; Economic History;

    JEL classification:

    • L62 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Manufacturing - - - Automobiles; Other Transportation Equipment; Related Parts and Equipment
    • N64 - Economic History - - Manufacturing and Construction - - - Europe: 1913-
    • N84 - Economic History - - Micro-Business History - - - Europe: 1913-
    • O14 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Industrialization; Manufacturing and Service Industries; Choice of Technology


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