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The Two Faces of Rural Population Loss Through Outmigration


  • McGranahan, David A.
  • Cromartie, John
  • Wojan, Timothy R.


Over a third of nonmetropolitan counties lost more than 10 percent of their population over the past 20 years through net outmigration. Poverty and low education account for the high net outmigration in some of these counties, but most are relatively prosperous. Their outmigration is related to low population density, geographic isolation, and a lack of scenic amenities. Programs that reduce the disadvantages of geographic isolation and that enhance residents' access to scenic amenities could help slow or reverse net outmigration in many nonmetro counties.

Suggested Citation

  • McGranahan, David A. & Cromartie, John & Wojan, Timothy R., 2010. "The Two Faces of Rural Population Loss Through Outmigration," Amber Waves, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:uersaw:121431

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    Cited by:

    1. Ashley Poston & Brian E. Whitacre, 2014. "How Specialized is “Too” Specialized? Outmigration and Industry Diversification in Nonmetropolitan Counties across America," Journal of Economic Insight (formerly the Journal of Economics (MVEA)), Missouri Valley Economic Association, vol. 40(2), pages 37-63.
    2. Malaga, Jaime E. & Xu, Bin & Martinez-Mejia, Pablo, 2011. "Marketing Promotion of Texas Agricultural Products: The Rural Dimension of the GO TEXAN Program," Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics, Southern Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 43(03), August.


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