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Time-Series Analysis of U.S. Pistachio Export Demand in North America


  • Zheng, Zijuan
  • Saghaian, Sayed H.


This study identifys the main factors influencing U.S. pistachio export demand in North America-i.e., to Canada and Mexico. A double-log econometric model is estimated using data for 1989-2009. The main findings indicate that Canadian GDP, U.S. walnut export prices, and food safety concerns explain the majorityof the pistachio import demand variation in Canada, wheras Iranian pistachio export prices, the real exchange rate between the Mexican peso and the U.S. dollar, and U.S. pecan export prices explain the majority of the Mexican pistachio import demand variation. The paper also investigates the impact of food safety issue om export demand. In order to maintain its export market, the U.S. has to find solutions to current food safety problems.

Suggested Citation

  • Zheng, Zijuan & Saghaian, Sayed H., 2011. "Time-Series Analysis of U.S. Pistachio Export Demand in North America," Journal of Food Distribution Research, Food Distribution Research Society, vol. 42(1), March.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:jlofdr:139404

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Kathleen Segerson, 1999. "Mandatory versus voluntary approaches to food safety," Agribusiness, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 15(1), pages 53-70.
    2. Caswell, Julie A., 1998. "Valuing the benefits and costs of improved food safety and nutrition," Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society, vol. 42(4), December.
    3. Nakamura, Masao & Takahashi, Takuya & Vertinsky, Ilan, 2001. "Why Japanese Firms Choose to Certify: A Study of Managerial Responses to Environmental Issues," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 42(1), pages 23-52, July.
    4. Starbird, S. Andrew, 2000. "Designing Food Safety Regulations: The Effect Of Inspection Policy And Penalties For Noncompliance On Food Processor Behavior," Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Western Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 25(02), December.
    5. repec:oup:revage:v:28:y:2006:i:4:p:494-514. is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Liu, Huanan & Hobbs, Jill E. & Kerr, William A., 2008. "Food Safety Incidents, Collateral Damage and Trade Policy Responses: China-Canada Agri-Food Trade," Working Papers 43463, Canadian Agricultural Trade Policy Research Network.
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