IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/a/ags/earnsa/28793.html
   My bibliography  Save this article

Estrategias sobre innovacion en las empresas multinacionales agroalimentarias

Author

Listed:
  • Rama, Ruth
  • Alfranca, Oscar
  • von Tunzelmann, Nicholas

Abstract

Las multinacionales agroalimentarias son las principales innovadoras del sector agroalimentario mundial y agentes económicos fundamentales del cambio tecnológico en el sector agroalimentario español. El estudio del comportamiento innovador de las multinacionales agroalimentarias presenta interés puesto que el 50% de la tecnología relacionada mundialmente con la alimentación procede de este tipo de empresas. Basándonos en una muestra de más de 16.000 patentes concedidas, entre 1969-94, a las mayores empresas multinacionales alimentarias y en los resultados de diversos estudios recientes, este trabajo aborda algunos de los principales aspectos de la innovación en estos importantes agentes económicos, tales como la globalización de sus actividades innovadoras, el variado contenido de su I+D, la incidencia de los procesos de competencia tecnológica inter-empresarial y el valor estratégico de persistir en la innovación. Las conclusiones más significativas fundamentadas en el trabajo empírico son: 1.Las empresas agroalimentarias multinacionales combinan la innovación técnica y la de diseño, mas que concentrarse en una clase de innovación y utilizarla como sustitutivo de la otra. 2.Ser innovador permanente es relevante para las empresas agroalimentarias multinacionales porque el stock de conocimiento, que presenta una importancia estratégica, es acumulativo. 3. Las empresas multinacionales alimentarias presentan un nivel de globalización de la I+D superior al de otras multinacionales. Esto es particularmente cierto en el caso de las multinacionales alimentarias europeas. 4.Las multinacionales alimentarias son empresas multi-tecnología. Palabras clave: multinacional alimentaria, patentes, innovación, industria alimentaria. Agrifood multinationals are usually considered the world's most important innovators in the F&B field and fundamental agents for technological change in the Spanish agrifood sector. The innovative behaviour of agrifood multinational firms issue is interesting because 50% of technology related to food is linked to innovative activities of these kind of firms. This paper includes a survey on several subjects related to innovation in the agrifood industry, such as the economic conditions for innovation production and the persistence of innovation. The main conclusions based on empirical work with patent data are: 1.Agrifood multinationals combine technical and design innovation rather than using one type of innovation as a substitute for the other. 2.Becoming a permanent innovator is relevant for agrifood multinational firms because the stock of knowledge, which is strategically important, is cumulative. 3.Agrifood multinationals are more prone than other multinationals to globalize their R&D activities. This is particularly true for European agrifood multinationals. 4.Agrifood multinationals are multi-technology companies.

Suggested Citation

  • Rama, Ruth & Alfranca, Oscar & von Tunzelmann, Nicholas, 2003. "Estrategias sobre innovacion en las empresas multinacionales agroalimentarias," Economia Agraria y Recursos Naturales, Spanish Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 3(06).
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:earnsa:28793
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://purl.umn.edu/28793
    Download Restriction: no

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Agrifood multinational; patents; innovation; food industry; Agribusiness; F23; L66;

    JEL classification:

    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business
    • L66 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Manufacturing - - - Food; Beverages; Cosmetics; Tobacco

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ags:earnsa:28793. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (AgEcon Search). General contact details of provider: http://edirc.repec.org/data/aeeaaea.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.