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La externalizacion del trabajo agrario y las empresas de servicios a la agricultura

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  • Navarro, Alicia Langreo
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    Resumen: En este artículo se analiza el proceso de externalización de las labores agrarias y el consiguiente desarrollo de una agricultura terciarizada. La fragmentada dimensión laboral y económica de las explotaciones agrarias determina el proceso de externalización de las tareas agrarias en la medida en que no permite ni la incorporación de innovaciones que exige el desarrollo del sistema alimentario ni la incorporación del capital humano necesario. Esta demanda ha propiciado la existencia de una red de empresas de servicios a la agricultura capaz de favorecer la incorporación de innovaciones y de aportar cualificación profesional que se ha convertido en una oportunidad de empleo en el mundo rural. La externalización de las labores agrarias comenzó con la mecanización, pero se ha ido ampliando y ahora abarca a todo tipo de trabajos. La profundización de este proceso llega incluso a la externalización de la gestión, aún incipiente, lo que altera la identidad del empresario agrario y da lugar a un cambio estructural muy importante que hay que tener en cuenta en la elaboración de la Política Agraria. Summary: This article analyses the outsourcing process of agrarian labours, which is leading to a tertiarised agriculture. The fragmented economic and occupational dimension of farms explains this outsourcing process as it makes almost impossible to incorporate the innovations and human capital that are needed by the food system own development. This demand has propitiated the existence of a network of service companies that enables the innovation introduction into the agriculture sector and the improvement of technical and professional qualifications, giving way to the possibility of increasing employment in the rural world. Outsourcing of agrarian labours began with mechanisation, but it widened and now affects to all kind of jobs. The process is deepening and it reaches even to the outsourcing of management, changing the identity of the agrarian businessman and giving cause for a very important structural change that one must take into account in the elaboration of the Agricultural Policy.

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    Article provided by Spanish Association of Agricultural Economists in its journal Economia Agraria y Recursos Naturales.

    Volume (Year): 02 (2002)
    Issue (Month): 01 ()

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    Handle: RePEc:ags:earnsa:28756
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