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Differences in Canadian and U.S. Farm Structure: What the Canadian Farm Typology Shows


  • Hoppe, Robert A.
  • Niekamp, Deborah
  • Banker, David E.
  • Nakagawa, Ken


Canadian and U.S. farms vary widely in size and other characteristics, ranging from very small retirement and residential farms to firms with sales in the millions. Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC) and the United States Department of Agriculture’s (USDA’s) Economic Research Service (ERS) have each developed a farm typology to classify farms into more homogeneous groups. These typologies provide useful insights into farm structure in each country. It is difficult, however, to use the typologies to compare farm structure in Canada and the United States, because the definitions within the two typologies differ. To make direct comparisons of farm structure in the two countries the Canadian typology was applied to the farms in both nations.

Suggested Citation

  • Hoppe, Robert A. & Niekamp, Deborah & Banker, David E. & Nakagawa, Ken, 2004. "Differences in Canadian and U.S. Farm Structure: What the Canadian Farm Typology Shows," CAFRI: Current Agriculture, Food and Resource Issues, Canadian Agricultural Economics Society, issue 05.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:cafric:45740

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