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Recent Developments in Farm Labour Availability in India and Reasons behind its Short Supply


  • Alha, Akhil
  • Yonzon, Bijoyata


The agricultural sector is India has been characterized with high supply of labour than demand, low wages, skewed distribution of land, and limited options of earning livelihood. This sector has undergone a vast change in recent past, mainly due to the increased rural-to-urban migration and partly due to the inception of MGNREGS and other public works. The structural changes in Indian economy in recent past have made male-migration a lucrative phenomenon while schemes like MGNREGS are found to be attractive for females in rural locations due to various reasons discussed in the paper. This has caused a shortage of farm labour and consequently, an upward push in agricultural wages. The study has suggested that there is a need to implement MGNREGA and other public works schemes with full potential to improve the economic conditions of vast pool of agricultural workers who have been living in distressed conditions for many decades.

Suggested Citation

  • Alha, Akhil & Yonzon, Bijoyata, 2011. "Recent Developments in Farm Labour Availability in India and Reasons behind its Short Supply," Agricultural Economics Research Review, Agricultural Economics Research Association (India), issue 2011.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:aerrae:119388

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    More about this item


    MGNREGS; Farm labour; Rural employment; Labour availability; Agricultural and Food Policy; J22; J61; J23; H23;

    JEL classification:

    • J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply
    • J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers
    • J23 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Demand
    • H23 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Externalities; Redistributive Effects; Environmental Taxes and Subsidies


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