IDEAS home Printed from
MyIDEAS: Login to save this article or follow this journal

Performing Arts and Cinema Demand: Some Evidence of Linder’s Disease

  • Vidar Ringstad
  • Knut Løyland
Registered author(s):

    This study presents some results for performing arts demand in Norway, obtained by means of a complete demand system with performing arts (dance, theatre and concert performances) and cinema as two of several cultural / media goods. The calculations are carried out on the basis of consumer survey data for more than 21,600 households from the period 1986 –2002. The results provide a fairly firm basis for concluding that the demand for performing arts in Norway is income elastic while cinema is income inelastic. However, since both are time-intensive in consumption, they are subject to Linder´s disease which is due to a shadow value of leisure increasing with income. This implies a negative bias in the income elasticity as estimated by us. Our calculations suggest that the bias has become bigger in the period analyzed, i.e. that Linder’s disease has become more serious for both performing arts and cinema over time. The results for other cultural / media goods support this finding. The results do also indicate that the demand for both the performing arts and cinema is price inelastic, and that they generally are substitutes to each other as well as to other cultural / media goods. One notable exception is performing arts and audio-visual media which, according to our findings, seem to be complements suggesting that decreases in the prices of AV media stimulate the demand for performing arts.

    If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: Access to full text is restricted to subscribers (2008 onwards); Pay-per-view access from or from (2006 onwards with 2 years moving wall)

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to look for a different version under "Related research" (further below) or search for a different version of it.

    Article provided by Duncker & Humblot, Berlin in its journal Applied Economics Quarterly.

    Volume (Year): 57 (2011)
    Issue (Month): 4 ()
    Pages: 255-284

    in new window

    Handle: RePEc:aeq:aeqaeq:v57_y2011_i4_q4_p255-284
    Contact details of provider: Web page:

    Order Information: Web: Email:

    No references listed on IDEAS
    You can help add them by filling out this form.

    This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

    When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:aeq:aeqaeq:v57_y2011_i4_q4_p255-284. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Deborah Anne Bowen)

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

    If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.